The central figures of De Stijl—Theo van Doesburg, Gerrit Rietveld and Piet Mondrian strove for a universal form that would correspond to their spiritual vision. Neo-Plasticism (meaning “a new plastic art”) was the term adopted by Mondrian to describe the qualities that De Stijl artists endeavored to achieve in their work.
The Bauhaus movement founded by Walter Gropius, captured the attention of many respected artists, designers and architects such as Le Corbusier, Eileen Gray, Mies Van der Rohe, Marcel Breuer and Erich Buchholz.
Music was also a source of inspiration in terms of spatial and rhythmic patterns and the idea behind jazz, counterpoint and improvisation linked with art and design. Artists such as Cesar Domela, Erich Buchholz, Josef Albers, Aurelie Nemours and contemporary Australian and European artists such as Helen Eager, Frank Badur, Ko Aarts, Alex Selenitsch among others all share an interest in reducing forms to fundamental elements and eschewing subject matter to concentrate on pure forms, the grid, primary colours and spatial relationships.